EVOLUTION OF THE COURTHOUSE'S ROLE
Traditionally, the main function of administration of justice inside the walls of a courthouse was to allow courts to submit judgments, whether to end civil disagreements or to ensure application of the penal and criminal laws.
The courthouse was then a privileged place for the judges, lawyers and court officers, which work there daily. The citizen happened to mainly access the courthouse to obtain justice.
During the last decade, the justice extended and diversified its activities to better respond to the evolution of the social and economic developments. Therefore, the courthouse became a place of judicial services not only to the litigants, but also to all citizens.
Today, the citizen goes to the courthouse to marry civilly, to register partnership declarations or to make a voluntary deposit. It is a place where the citizen deals with family affairs, probation, and youth issues due to the presence of the Youth Court.
Increasingly, the citizen considers the courthouse not only as the place where to defend its rights, but also as the place to learn about them. Consequently, the courthouse needs to appear as a welcoming place the citizen can belong and relate to.
As the judicial institutions already had to adapt to new requirements over the last years, they must now tend to future perspectives. The accelerating pace of social, economic and technologic evolutions direct the actual improvement of judicial institutions.
Some indicators as the progressive diversion of certain courts, a tentative to standardize the judicial proceedings, already indicates new mode of action in the judicial institutions. New technology as computer sciences, useful for a better transmission of information, and microfilming and viewing legal documents already arrived in some courthouses. Clearly, justice wishes to benefit of the technological developments.
Since our judicial institutions must inevitably participate to the collective existence and adapt to progress, the physical setting that host them, namely, the courthouse, must provide for all the conditions making possible its evolution.
LOCATION IN THE CITY
The future courthouse of Québec will be built in the lower city, east of the St-Roch neighbourhood and in the former courthouse train station area.
This site is located at the junction of major automobile traffic artery, namely the Dufferin-Montmorency highway, the Boulevard Charest-rue St-Paul,and the Boulevard Des Capucins. Also, the building will be nearby the intermodal station municipal project.
This project will also contribute to enhance and develop the banks of the St-Charles River and the surrounding lands. Formerly reserved for industrial vocation, those lands are now mainly dedicated to housing. The Louise Bassin and the St-Laurent River could also act as a visual interest centre for the site.
OVERVIEW OF THE FUNCTIONAL NEEDS
The future Courthouse should be integrated to the urban grid of the neighbourhood in which it will be built. The accesses and outdoor spaces should contribute to create an inviting project.
Part of the parking destined to the building's occupants will be located in the underground spaces; the other part and the parking reserved for the public will be designed on ground, nearby the main building.
The planning of internal circulations will consider the needs of the many activities and the diversified clientele that flows through the courthouse. Thus, it is expected to design five types of circulations:
- A public circulation that will mainly serve the hearing rooms and the courts' services, such as registries.
- A restricted circulation primarily reserved for the magistracy, which will connect the judges' offices and the hearing rooms. This controlled circulation will also serve the juror, the courts' staff and, occasionally, the lawyers and visitors.
- A secured circulation used by the defendants and their guards. This circulation will connect the reinforced prison vehicle portals to the adult detention facilities, to the adjacent detentions satellites and to the hearing rooms of the penal courts.
- A secured juvenile circulation used by the youths and their guards to connect the vehicles' portal to the juvenile detention rooms.
- A service circulation dedicated to the operating specific needs of the building.
(Click French version to read the jury's comments)
Dimakopoulos, Magnan & Associés / Chabot, Gilbert, Jarnuskiewcz, Mainguy / Larose, Laliberté, Pétrucci (Winner)
Archard & Boivin / Bégin & Rodrigue / Lemay & Leclerc
De Montigny, Dion, Métivier, Gagnon / David, Boulva, Cleve / Blouin, Blouin & Associés
Jodoin, Lamarre, Pratte & Associés / Arcop & Associés / Doran & Dubé
Gauthier, Guite, Roy / St-Gelois, Tremblay, Bélanger
Jean Ouellet, Architecte
Maurice Desnoyers, Architecte
Jacques Fortier, secrétaire du ministère
Gilles Gascon, Ingénieur
Guy Guérin-Lajoie, Architecte
Eva H. Vecsei, Architecte
Paul Laflamme, Avocat
Jacques Lafrance, Ingénieur
Robert Lefebvre, Architecte
Louis Marceau, Ingénieur
Claude Panet Beaubien (Fils), Architecte et Ingénieur
Jean Rousseau, Directeur du Service d'Urbanisme
Jean Taillon, Ingénieur
Gabrielle Vallée, Juge à la Cour supérieure
-- March 1979: Competition launching
19 April 1979: Closure of the submission stage
25 April 1979: Choosing of the competitors
08 august 1979: Deadline for submission of projects proposal
23 august 1979: Jury's recommendation
27 august 1979: Vice-president's attestation
06 September 1979: Unveiling of the winning model
01 November 1979: Signature of professional service contracts
Compte-rendu et attestation du jury, 1979, Ministère des Travaux publics et de l'Approvisionnement
Jean Ouellet, Recommandation du Jury concernant la tenue d'un concours en vue de la construction du Palais de Justice de Québec, 1979, Ministère des Travaux publics et de l'Approvisionnement
Jean Ouellet, Dévoilement de la maquette gagnante, 1979, Ministère des Travaux publics et de l'Approvisionnement
Bernard Angers, Communiqué au sous-ministre concernant la documentation du concours, 1979
- Liste des membres du jury
- Liste des membres du comité technique
- Tableau des superficies
- Critères d'évaluation des projets
- Rapport du jury (global)